- This topic has 5,063 voices and 20 replies.
July 9, 2011 at 11:44 am #11959
Ordre de la Libération / Order of the Liberation
The Order of the Liberation has been insituted by General Charles de Gaulle on 16 November 1940.
This Order is a reward to those, military or civil, who had exceptional services for the liberation of France and its territories.
The Order has one class only, and its members are called "Compagnons de la Libération" (Companions of the Liberation). This name has been adopted by decree on 29 January 1941; their first name was "Croisés de la Libération" (Crusaders of the Liberation).
In the order of precedence, this Order is the second one, just after the Légion d’Honneur and before the Médaille Militaire (Military Medal).
This Order is no more awarded since 23 January 1946. It will therefore one day be extinguished. The Order of the Liberation ever had only one Great Master : Charles de Gaulle.
Today, less than 45 Companions are still alive.
See this thread :
1059 Companions have been awarded the Order of the Liberation, amongst them 238 posthumously. General de Gaulle (who alone could awarded it after January 1946) awarded two additional Orders : Sir Winston Churchill on 18 June 1958, and King George VI of England, on 2 April 1960. 5 cities and 18 combat units have also been awarded the Order.
The first Crosses have been made in London, and locally in Africa. A first patent of the ribbon had diagonal black stripes.
Pic : rortiz – OMSA Medal Database.
liberation2tar.jpgJuly 9, 2011 at 4:24 pm #13856jim barkerParticipant
Was there not a fourragere created a few years ago for those military units that were awarded the order?
JimJuly 9, 2011 at 4:25 pm #13857felixMember
Yes, you’re right. Instituted in 1996.July 9, 2011 at 4:25 pm #13858usmcgunghoMember
Thanks for sharing that. It also appears that it is one of those unusual medal designs that is shaped in a square as compared to the circular planchets.
DickJuly 9, 2011 at 4:26 pm #13859
Actually, I can’t think of any simple circular orders. Are there any?July 9, 2011 at 4:27 pm #13860
In France, I can’t see any order with a strict simple circular shape. Elsewhere ?
Ch.July 9, 2011 at 4:28 pm #13861July 9, 2011 at 4:29 pm #13862
That’s for example the case of the Médaille de la Résistance (Resistance Medal) affiliated to the Order of the Liberation.
Ch.July 9, 2011 at 4:30 pm #13863
Good example!July 9, 2011 at 4:31 pm #13864July 9, 2011 at 4:32 pm #13865felixMember
Actually, I can’t think of any simple circular orders. Are there any?
I take a look at the Werlich’s book and found :
Botswana presidential order of Honour
Bulgaria people’s order of labor
Bulgaria order of Cyril and Methodius
Dahomey order of Social Merit
Dahomey order of agricultural Merit
Germany (IIIrd Reich) Blood order
Lebanon order of Merit
Lesotho order of Dignity
Morocco order of Military Merit
Nepal order of Nepal-Tara
Not in the Werlich :
Monaco order of Cultural Merit
Tunisia order of National Cultural MeritJuly 9, 2011 at 4:33 pm #13866
Good job. I did not even think about one easy to remember : the Blood Order. Good job. Here in berlin, I have not the Werlich with me… But will go through it as soon as I’m back in Paris.
But, let’s admit they are quite few…
Ch.July 9, 2011 at 4:33 pm #13867
Perhaps. Let me dig out Wehrlich and see.
Some of these (the Nazi Blood Order for example) may be called "orders" but aren’t.July 9, 2011 at 4:34 pm #13868Frank DutilParticipant
Hey all! I’m still in Paris (made an AWESOME acquisition, will share with you on RTB), I have the fourragère, I’ll post a pic next weekend when I get back home.July 9, 2011 at 4:35 pm #13869
You are in Paris, while I’m in Berlin… We we never succeed in meeting us… How long will you stay in Paris ?
- You must be logged in to reply to this topic.