Figure 1: War Cross for Civil Merit, first class, obverse. Image from the author’s archive.

Introduction:

The War Cross for Civil Merit was founded by Emperor Franz Joseph I in 1915 in four classes to reward civilians who had performed especially meritorious civil service involving outstanding zeal and sacrifice. It was issued from 1915-1918.

Date Issued: August 16, 1915 – October 6, 1918

  • Reason Issued: To reward those civilians who have, in connection with the war, performed especially meritorious civil service involving outstanding zeal and sacrifice.

Classes or Types: This decoration was issued in four classes:

  • War Cross for Civil Merit, first class
  • War Cross for Civil Merit, second class
  • War Cross for Civil Merit, third class
  • War Cross for Civil Merit, forth class

Figure 2: War Cross for Civil Merit, 2nd class case, interior. Image courtesy of Dorotheum

Figure 2: War Cross for Civil Merit, 2nd class case, exterior. Image from the author’s archive

 

Case:

  • Type I: A red simulated leather case.  The case has no inscription.  The exterior bottom is white cardboard. The inside of the lid is white satin and sometimes has the maker’s logo. The bottom interior is white or fawn colored plush. The interior bottom is fitted for the cross. The box for the second, third and fourth class is 73 mm in diameter and 25 mm thick.

Figure 4: War Cross for Civil Merit, 2nd class case, interior. Image from the author’s archive

Figure 5: War Cross for Civil Merit, 2nd class case, exterior. Image from the author’s archive

Type II: A black simulated leather case. The inner portion of the lid has a white satin inner liner and the maker’s logo A. Kuchert of Budapest. The inside of the bottom of the box is black velvet and is fitted. Size 70 mm in diameter and 25 mm thick

Type III: A Maroon leather case. There is no inscription on the lid. The inner portion of the lid has a plain white satin inner liner. The inside of the bottom of the box is fawn plush and is fitted.

Figure 6: War Cross for Civil Merit, 2nd Type II class case, interior. Image from the author’s archive

Ribbon: None

Attachments: None

Figure 7: Miniature chain with Civil Merit Cross third class. Image courtesy of Dorotheum

Miniature: Miniatures of all classes are known to exist and were made by the Wiener Werkstatte

· First Class miniature = 18 mm in diameter and 3.1 grams

Figure 8: Miniature of the Civil Merit Cross forth class on a black ribbon. Image from the author’s archive

Figure 9: Miniature of the Civil Merit Cross forth class on a red ribbon. Image from the author’s archive

 

Figure 10: Award document for the War Cross for Civil Merit Second class to Helene Granitsch issued in 1917. Image from the author’s archive.

 

Recipients of the War Cross for Civil Merit, first class

April 19, 1916

Stefan Freiherr Burian Foreign Minister

Karl Graf Sturgkh Royal and Imperial, Prime Minister

Stephan Graf Tisza Royal Hungarian, Prime Minister

August 18, 1916

Dr. Karl Mathis Section Chief in LVM

August 31, 1916

Dr. Karl Freiherr von Macchio, Section Chief, Plenipotentiary and Ambassador designate.

Dr. Johann Forgach von Ghymes and Gacs, Section Chief, Acting Plenipotentiary and Ambassador designate

Dr. Markus Count von Wickenburg, Section Chief

Theodor Ippen, Acting Section Chief, GenKons, First Class

Johann Markgraf von Pallavicini, Plenipotentiary and Ambassador.

Kajetan Mere von Kapos-Mere, Plenipotentiary and Ambassador (Later received the award in diamonds)

Duglas Count von Thurn and Valsassina, Plenipotentiary and Ambassador

Johann Prince Schonburg-Hartenstein Plenipotentiary and Ambassador

Gottfried Prince zu Hohenlohe-Schillingsfurst, Plenipotentiary and Ambassador

Karl Freiherr von Braun, Envoy Extraordinary and authorized minister.

Hugo Freiherr von Rhemen zu Barenfeld Envoy Extraordinary and authorized minister.

Rudolf Pogatscher Envoy Envoy Extraordinary and authorized minister.

Dr. Karl Freiherr von Giskra Envoy Extraordinary and authorized minister.

Dr. Dionys Count Szechenvi de Savar et Felso-Videk Envoy Extraordinary and authorized minister.

Albert Count Nemes von Hidveg, Envoy Extraordinary and authorized minister.

Eduard Otto Envoy Extraordinary and authorized minister.

Dr. Ludwig Count Szechenyi de Savar et Felso-Videk Envoy Extraordinary and authorized ministerMaximilian Count Hadik von Futak Envoy Extraordinary and authorized minister.

Dr. Adam Count Tarnowski von Tarnow Envoy Extraordinary and authorized minister.

Stephan von Ugron zu Abranfalva Envoy Extraordinary and authorized minister.

Dr. Julius Szilaffy von Szilas und Pilis Envoy Extraordinary and authorized minister.

Dr. Ludwig Freiherr von Flotow Envoy Extraordinary and authorized minister.

Ottokar Count Czernin von Chudenitz Envoy Extraordinary and authorized minister.

Dr. Johann Freiherr von Styrcea Envoy Extraordinary and authorized minister in Dispon.

Franz Freiherr Riedl von Riedenau Envoy Extraordinary and authorized minister in Dispon.

Dr. Moritz Count Palffy von Erdod Acting Envoy Extraordinary and authorized minister. LegRat I.Kl.

Ludwig Count Ambrozy Von Seden Acting Envoy Extraordinary and authorized minister. LegRat I.Kl.

Adolf Count von Beust acting Envoy Extraordinary and authorized minister. LegRat 2.Kl.

Maximilian Freiherr von Sonnleithner GenKons. l.Kl.

Franz Ritter Peter von Thyllnreuth GenKons. I.Kl.

Alexander Ritter Gunther von Olienburg GenKons. I.Kl.

  1. October 1916

Otto Freiherr Kuhn Von Kuhnfeld Envoy Extraordinary and authorized minister.

Rudolf Wodianer Envoy Extraordinary and authorized ministe

December 22, 1916

Edmund Count von Attems Governor of Steirmark

Dr. Franz Bayer Burgomaster of Reichenau

Dr. Karl Gros Burgomaster of Prag

Johann Hauser Governor of Upper Austria

Otto Graf Serenyi von Kis Serenyi Governor of Mahren

Dr. Richard Weiskirchner Burgomaster of Vienna

January 24, 1917

Karl Emil Prinz zu Furstenberg Envoy Extraordinary and authorized minister at the Spanish Court

January 29, 1917

Franz Tschoffa, Chancellor of the Supreme Court

February 27 1917

Marie Grafin d’Amleida in Munich

Elisabeth Grafin von Beust in Munich

Marie Furstin von Wrede in Munich

March 9, 1917

Aladar Graf Zichy von Zich und Vasonykeo, Royal and Imperial Minister to the Imperial household in Vienna

Geza Vertesy von Vertesalja, Royal and Imperial State Secretary to the Imperial Household in Vienna

March 27 1917

Dr. Eduard Prinz von und zu Liechtenstein, Privy Councilor to the Ministry of the Interior

Dr. Wilhelm Prinz zu Stolberg-Wermigerode, German Council in Vienna

April 4, 1917

Rudolf Graf von Abensperg und Traun, National Chancellor of the Red Cross

Dr. Max Wladimir Freiherr von Beck, Commissar of the Red Cross

Andreas Graf Csekonics de Zsombolya et Janova, Commissar of the Hungarian Red Cross

April 16, 1917

Adalbert Freiherr von Widmann, Silesian Chancellor

Dr. Johann Freiherr von Friebeis, Government-Vice Chancellor for Vienna

Dr. Heinrich Ritter von Herget, Government-Vice Chancellor for Prague

Johann Kosina Government,Vice Chancellor for Prague

Stephan Freiherr von Kriegs, Chief of the Austrian Section in the Interior Ministry.

Dr. Georg Pockels, Government-Vice Chancellor for Innsbruck

Karl Spengler Statthalterei-Vice Chancellor for Brunn

Heinrich RitterWagner von Kremsthal, Government-Vice Chancellor for Germany.

Dr. Karl Schima, Chancellor of the Patent Office

April 23, 1917

Dr. Ignaz Freiherr von Ruber, Prime Minister of the German Supreme Court

Viktor Freiherr von Wessely, Chancellor of the Supreme Court in Prague

Dr. Friedrich Freiherr von Call zu Rosenberg und Kulmbach, Chancellor of the Supreme Court in Innsbruck

Dr. August Ritter von Pitreich, Chancellor of the Supreme Court in Graz

Rudolf Freiherr Regner Von Bleyleben, Chancellor of the Supreme Court in Brunn

Adolf Czerwinski ,Chancellor of the Supreme Court in Lemberg,

Dr. Franz Homma Ritter von Ammanshof, Interior Ministry Section Chief

Karl Nemethy von Ujfalusi, State Secretary to the Interior Ministry.

Gustav Ladik Cabinet Minister to the Royal and Imperial Interior Ministry.

May 6 1917

Karl Graf Lamberg, State parliament delegate and landowner

May 10, 1917

Eduard Bugno, Finance Director for Galicia

Dr. Oliver Freiherr von Kobe,r Finance Director for Kustenland

Dr. Hermann Ritter Mayr von Linegg, Cabinet Minister for Vienna

Dr. Karl Ritter Neupauer von Brandhausen, Director General of the National Lottery

Dr. Rudolf Pensch, Finance Director for Innsbruck

May 21 1917

Dr. Rudolf Freiherr Schuster von Bonnott, Governor of the Postal Savings Bank

Arthur Herbst, Section Chief in the Commerce Ministry.

Wilhelm Baron Lers von Szepesbela, State Secretary to the Royal And Imperial Commerce Ministry.

May 31, 1917

Otto Freiherr von Klimburg, Section Chief in the Public Finance Ministry

Max von Gyurkovics, Section Chief in the Public Finance Ministry

May 31 1917

Dr. Ladislaus Szalay von Zamoly, Section Chief in the Public Finance Ministry

June 9, 1917

Dr. Heinrich Ritter von Wittek, German Railway Minister.

July 21 1917

Johann Graf Wilczek Protek, of the Wurttemberg. Volunteer Rescue Society.

August 16, 1917

Dr. Friedrich Gustav Piffl, Cardinal, Archbishop of Vienna

Dr. Johannes Baptist Rossler Bishop of St. Polten

Dr. Adam Hefter Archbishop of Gurk

Johann Maria Gfollner Bishop of Linz

Major General Anton Hofer, Minister

Friedrich Graf von Toggenburg, Minister

Dr. Ludwig Cwiklinski, Section Chief

Dr. Victor Mataja, Chancellor of the Central Committee for Statistics

Dr. Karl Freiherr von Banhans, Director of the Northern Roads

Dr. Hugo Ritter von Schauer, Section Chief

Emil Ritter Homann von Herimberg, Section Chief

Dr. Moritz Ritter von Ertl, Section Chief

Dr. Ferdinand Freiherr vom Wimmer, Section Chief

Dr. Julius von Twardowski-Skrzypna, Section Chief

Erich Graf Kielmannseg, German Minister, German Governor

Dr. Alfred Ritter Von Pranter, Section Chief in the Trade Ministry.

Dr. Viktor Ritter von Rudel, Section Chief in the Railway Ministry

Dr. Karl Freiher Rumler von Aichenwehr, Section Chief in the Railway Ministry

Johann von Nagy Staatssek. Royal Hungarian Minister in the Ministry for Culture and Education

Johann Ottilik de Felsoozorocz und Kohanocz, State Secretary for the Agricultural Ministry

Josef Bartoky de Abara und Bartok, State Secretary for the Royal Hungarian Agricultural Ministry

Paul Ritter von Schoeller, Chancellor of the Lower Austrian Chamber of Commerce

Dr. Friedrich Schwarzenberg, Chancellor of the National Culture Council for Bohemia

Julius Fhr.Von Forster, National Commissioner for the Architects Council In Hungary

Dr. Emmerich Nemenyi, Chancellor of the National Arts Council in Hungary

Dr. Friedrich Lehne von Lehnsheim, Section Chief for the Ministry for Livonia

Stephan Ritter von Falser, Chancellor of the Senate of VerwGerHofes

Dr. August Ritter von Popelka, Chancellor of the Senate of VerwGerHofes

Dr. Max Schuster Edler von Bonnott, Chancellor of the Senate of VerwGerHofes

Dr. Johann Freiherr von Hiller-Schonaich, Councilor of VerwGerHofes

Dr. Robert Ritter von Neumann-Ettenreich, Councilor of. VerwGerHofes

Dr. Ferdinand Pantucek, Councilor of VerwGerHofes

Dr. Rudolf von Rozycki, Councilor of VerGerHofes

Dr. Anton Schimm, Councilor of VerwGerHofes

Jaroslav Srb, Councilor of VerwGerHofes

Viktor Freiherr Weiss von Starkenfels, Councilor of VerwGerHofes

Lorenz Hedry, Chancellor Royal Bar Association in Kassa

Andreas Juhasz Chancellor Royal Bar Association in Budapest

Andreas Solyam Chancellor Royal Bar Association in Temesvar

Dr. Gilbert Helmer, Abt d. Pramonstratenserstiftes Tepl

Severin Kalcher Abt d. Benediktinerstiftes St. Lambrecht

Dr. Josef Pfluger, Bishop and Vicar General in Vienna

Dr. Johann Sedlak, Archdeacon of the Metropolitan Dieses and Vicar General in Prag

Methodius Zavoral, Abt d. Pramonstratenserstiftes Strakov

August 25, 1917

Dr. Alexander Popovics, Governor of the Austro-Hungarian Bank in Budapest

Josef Tarkovich, Vice Governor of the Austro-Hungarian Bank in Budapest

Dr. Hans Kolisko, Cabinet Minister and Royal and Imperial Director of the National Railways

Komel von Tolnay, Chancellor of the Royal Hungarian Railway

Sigismund Kotanyi von Algo, Director of the Royal Hungarian Transportation Institute

Anton Gunther, Prime Ministerof the Royal Curia in Budapest

August 28, 1917

Harold Ritter Demel von Elswehr, Section Chief in the Trade Ministry.

September 18, 1917

Dr. Johann Saric, Auxiliary Bishop (Roman Catholic) in Sarajevo

Petar Zimonjic, Metropolitan (Serbian orthodox) in Mostar

September 30, 1917

Karoline Mataja in Vienna

Valentine Freiin von Kirchbach auf Lauterbach in Vienna

October 6, 1917

Maria Grafin Czerwin von Chudenitz

October 27, 1917

Manfred Graf Clary und Aldringen, Governor of Steiermark

Dr. Karl Freiherr Heinold und Udynski, Governor of Mahren

Dr. Oktavian Freiherr Regner von Bleyleben, Governor of Austria below the Enns

Marius Graf Attems-Heiligenkreuz, Governor of Dalmatia

Dr. Alfred Freiherr von Fries-Skene, Governor of Triest/Kustenld.

Max Graf Coudenhove, Governor of Bohemia

GO Karl Graf Huyn, Governor of Galicia/Lodomerien/Krakau

Dr. Felix von Schmitt-Gasteiger, National Chancellor of Salzburg

Dr. Karl Graf Lodron-Laterano, National Chancellor of Corinthia

Heinrich Graf Attems-Heiligenkreuz, National Chancellor of Krain

Eugen Friedlander, General Director. Fa. Geb. Bohler&Conip. AG

October 18, 1917

Dr. Max Graf Wickenburg, Minister a.D.

November 10, 1917

Jaroslav von Uhr-Stebelski, Chancellor of the senate ObLdGer Krakau

November 13, 1917

Princess Elsa von Schaumburg-Lippe

Marie Stoger-Steiner Edle von Steinstatten

November, 25 1917

Katharina, Kiss von Jttebe Court Actress i.P. in Vienna

December 4, 1917

Oborburgermeister Wermam Berlin

January 15, 1918

Marianne Freiin von Forster in Vienna

Flora Derschatta Edle von Standhalt in Vienna

January 16, 1918

Dr. Georg, Ritter von Poray Madeyski, Chief of the Civilian-kommisariates in Lublin

January 30, 1918

Franziska Furstin von Montenuovo, Lady in Waiting

Aglae Grafin Kinsky, Lady in Waiting

February 14, 1918

Samuel Edler von Horowitz, Chancellor of the Chamber of Commerce in Lemberg

Karl Kirchhof, Chancellor of the Chamber of Commerce in Reichenberg

Rudolf Kitschelt, Vice Chancellor of the Chamber of Commerce in Vienna

Wenzel Nemec, Chancellor of the Chamber of Commerce in Prag

February 21, 1918

Adolf’ Lemayer, Chancellor of the Commercial Court in Vienna

March 13, 1918

Otto Schlumberger Edler von Goldeck, Acting Vice Governor of the Austro-Hungarian. Bank

March 28, 1918

Johann Freiherr von Eichhoff, Cabinet Minister in the Interior Ministry

March 30, 1918

Alois von Benedetti, Chancellor of the Superior Appellate Court in Zara

Dr. Paul von Vittorelli, Chancellor of the Superior Appellate Court in Vienna

Dr. Nikolaus Mandic, Vors.d. LdRechKamnier for Bos./Herz.

Friedrich von Foglas-Deinhardstein, Section Chief in Bosnia Herzegovina National Service

April 3, 1918

Dr. Josef Zavadil, Section Chief

Dr. Josef von Chrenoczy-Neay, Acting Section Chief

April 7, 1918

Rudolf Graf Huyn in Bozen

Alfons Freiherr von Widmann-Staffelfeld, Landowner in Bozen

April 20, 1918

Moritz Palugyay, Staatssekretar in the Ministry of the Interior.

May 5, 1918

Erasmus Freiherr von Handal, Governor of Austria above the Enns

Adalbert Graf Schonborn, Chancellor LdVerwKom. Bohemia

Alice Freiin von Baumgartner in Vienna

Helene Freiin von Beck in Vienna

Nadine Grafin Berchtold von und zu Ungarschitz in Vienna

Hermann Bieloklawek, local council in Vienna

Marie Dumba in Vienna

Gerta Luise von Einem in Bern

Stephanie von Fesch in Vienna

Dr. Wenzel Frind, Dompropst, of the Metropolitan Chapter in Prag

Aloisia Grafin Funfkirchen in Vienna

Franziska Princess Hohenlohe in Vienna

Olivia Countess Larisch-Moennich in Solza-Karwin

Anna Berta Princess von Lobkowitz in Prag

Paula Princess Lobkowitz in Vienna

Else Freiin von Marterer in Vienna

Ladislaja Countess Meran in Graz

Dr. Michael Freiherr von Pidoll zu Quintenbach, Section Chief a.D.

Therese Seidler von Feuchtenegg in Vienna

Valentine Freiin von Springer in Vienna

Franziska Maria Princess zu Starhemberg in Linz

Margit Countess Szapary in Ramingstein

Melanie Countess Zichy in Vienna

Franziska Countess Clary und Aldringen in Graz

Elisabeth Freiin von Handel in Linz

Gabriele Freiin Regner von Bleyleben in Vienna

Marie Countess Coudenhove in Prag

Marie Countess Lodron-Laterano in Klagenfurt

Marie Countess Attems-Heiligenkreuz in Laibach

Amalie Kuk- in Vienna

May 8, 1918

Dr. Otto Franges von Mitrovica, Section Chief

May 9, 1918

Dr. August Ritter von Weeber, General Director of Sudbahngesellschaft

May 11, 1918

Dr. Karl von Kelle, Section Chief in the Ministry for Culture and Education

May 28, 1918

Prussian GhR von Berg Chief of the Secret Envoy to the Bulgarian Civil Cabinet Koluschew in Konstantinopel

National Minister von Waldow State Secretary of the Kriegsernahrungsamtes

June 7, 1918

Bavarian Envoy Freiherr von Tuchner

Dr. Franz Graf Thun-Hohenstein, Vice Governor in Zara

June 19, 1918

Herzog, Viktor von Ratibor

Ida Freiin von Friebeisz

June 27, 1918

Dr. Johann Freiherr von Cnobloch, Section Chief in the Agriculture Ministry

July 11, 1918

Dr. Count von Oberndorff , The Envoy in Sofia

Count von Bernstorff, the Ambassador to Constantinople

July 30 1918

Dr. Richard Borkowski, Section Chief in the Ministry for Labor

July 31, 1918

Johanna Princess von und zu Liechtenstein in Vienna

August 7, 1919

Gisela Baroness Sarkotic von Lovcen

August 10, 1918

Dr. Ludwig Ritter von Kumpfmiller-Pluschk, Chancellor of the Ldger. for Civil Law in Vienna

August 19, 1918

Oskar Lobmeyr von Hohenleiten, Vice governor of Triest

September 2, 1918

Marie Grafin Belcredi in Losch bei Brunn

September 27, 1918

Dr. Johann Count Larisch von Moennich, Chancellor of Ernahrungsrates

Dr. Josef Fort, Vice Chancellor of. Ernahrunasrates

Dr. Gustav Schreiner, Vice Chancellor of Ernahrungsrates

October 6, 1918

Wladimir Ritt. von Decykiewicz, Vice Governor of Galicia

Recipient of the War Cross for Civil Merit First Class in diamonds: Kajetan Merey von Kapos-Mere the Plenipotentiary and ambassador to the peace talks in 1917 which took place at Brest-Litowsk. (February 14, 1918 by authority of Emperor Karl)

 

Hope you enjoyed this blog. Until then good luck in your collecting efforts.

Rick

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