Figure 1: Tyrolean Defenders Commemoration Medal 1848, Image from the author’s archive.

Introduction:

In this blog I am going to discuss the Tyrolean Defenders Commemoration Medal of 1848 (Tiroler Landesvertidiger Denkmünze 1848) which was issued reward to the citizens of the Tyrol who defended the nation’s borders in time of war up to 1848 by serving in the Landesgranze, schutzen and Landsturm and certain formations of the Tyrolean armed forces on the Italian front while defending their homeland and Vorarlberg.

Date Issued: December 21, 1848

Reason Issued: This medal was issued to reward the citizens of the Tyrol who defended the nation’s borders in time of war up to 1848 by serving in the Landesgranze, schutzen and Landsturm and certain formations of the Tyrolean armed forces on the Italian front while defending their homeland and Vorarlberg.

Classes or Types: Two

· Tyrol Military 1848 Commemoration Medal

· Tyrol Civil 1848 Commemoration Medal

Interesting Facts: Statutes for this medal were issued on January 10, 1849

Hallmarks: A rectangle with what appears to be FJZ within its borders

Design: A round medal with an attached oval eye on a 3 mm stem

Figure 2: Tyrolean Defenders Commemoration Medal 1848, obverse, Image courtesy of Dorotheum.

Obverse: Inside a raised rim is a bust of Emperor Franz Joseph I facing to the viewers left and wearing a laurel wreath in his hair. Around the edge of the bust and around the emperor’s head is inscribed FRANZ. JOSEPH I. KAISER VON.OESTERREICH. Translation: Franz Joseph I Emperor of Austria. Below the neck of Franz Joseph’s bust is the name of the engraver, K. Lange (Konrad Lange).

Figure 3: Tyrolean Defenders Commemoration Medal 1848, reverse, Image courtesy of Dorotheum.

Reverse:  Inside a raised rim is a circle within which is a stylized wreath. Inside the wreath is an inscription in five lines. The inscription reads DEM/ TIROLER/ LANDES/ VERTHEIDIGER/ 1848. Translation: The Tyrolean Defenders of 1848. Around the rim of the medal is inscribed MIT GOTT FUR KAISER UND VATERLAND. Translation: With God for Emperor and Fatherland. Separating the beginning and end of the inscription around the edge of the medal is a star at the 12 o’clock position.

Weight: 13.8 grams

Size: 31 mm in diameter and 2 mm thick

Type of Material: Silver

Variations: None

Designer: Konrad Lange

Manufacturer: The Vienna Hauptmunzamt (Mint)

Number Issued: Unknown

Case: Unknown

Figure 4: Tyrolean Defenders Commemoration Medal ribbon. Image from the author’s archive.

Ribbon: 

  • For military awards a 38-40 mm wide tri-fold ribbon, which is half white and half dark green with the left side being white and the right green
  • For civil awards a 33 mm wide strait ribbon in the same colors

Attachments: None

Miniature: Examples known to exist

Figure 5: Tyrolean Defenders Commemoration Medal 1848, miniature. Image from the author’s archive.

Hope you enjoyed this blog. Until next time, I hope you find joy in our shared interest.

Rick

Please follow and like us:
2 Comments
  1. Hello richard, you mention two types, military and civil. Do the two variants only differ in terms of the width of the ribbon?
    Thank you for presenting this historic award
    Gruss Andreas

    • Andreas
      The military ribbon was not only wider but was worn in the tri-fold manner while the civil ribbon was thinner and was worn as a straight ribbon.

      Rick

Leave a Reply to richard lussier Cancel reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.