Merit Cross, Part I

Introduction: When Emperor Franz Joseph assumed the throne in Austria one of his earliest actions was to establish the merit cross (Verdienstkreuz) to be awarded to those who demonstrated proven devotion to the fatherland, many years of valuable service, or other significant services in support of the

Read more

Civil Merit Medal

Introduction: When Emperor Franz Joseph assumed the throne in Austria one of his earliest acts was to establish the Civil Merit Medal to be awarded to those who performed outstanding civil service and or had made a special civil contribution to the empire. This decoration would quickly

Read more