Figure 1: Merit Medal for Royal and Imperial Military Doctors and Regimental Surgeons, obverse. Image from the author’s archive.

Introduction: This medal, the Merit Medal for Royal and Imperial Military Doctors and Regimental Surgeons (Verdienstmedaille für K.K. Militärarzte und Regimentschirurgen) was Awarded as a reward for meritorious service by military physicians and regimental surgeons who had distinguished themselves by their special proficiency and devotion in their respective professions.  The award was created on the occasion of the founding of the Emperor Joseph Medical Academy in Vienna in 1785.

Date Issued: 1785-1790

Reason Issued: As a reward for meritorious service by military physicians and regimental surgeons who had distinguished themselves by their special proficiency and devotion in their respective professions.  The award was created on the occasion of the founding of the Emperor Joseph Medical Academy in Vienna in 1785.

Classes or Types: Three

· Large Silver Physicians and Surgeons Medal

· Silver Physicians and Surgeons Medal

· Small Silver Physicians and Surgeons Medal

Interesting Facts:

· The eyes on the medals vary with the large medal having a large flat eye; the Silver Medal having a fleur-de-lis shaped eye and the small medal a serrated wedge-shaped eye. This variation is because the medals were coined without an eye as they could be awarded as a wearable or table medal. Thus, the suspension eyes were added to the wearable medals.

Figure 2: Silver Merit Medal for Royal and Imperial Military Doctors and Regimental Surgeons. Image from the author’s archive.

Hallmarks: None Known

Design: A round medal with a raised rim and an attached suspension eye at the top.

 

Figure 3: Large Silver Merit Medal for Royal and Imperial Military Doctors and Regimental Surgeons, obverse. Image from the author’s archive.

Obverse: For the large silver and silver medal, a youthful bare shouldered bust of Joseph II, facing to the viewers right. He is depicted with long flowing hair in which is a laurel wreath. Paralleling the rim around the upper half of the medal is the inscription: IOSEPHVS II. AVGVSTVS, Translation: Joseph II Emperor. Near the lower edge of the medal is the signature of the medalist: I. N. Wurt F. (The F stands for Fabrikat: fabricated) See medal depicted above). For the small silver medal as described above except the visage of the emperor’s image is slightly different and near the lower edge is the designer’s name: ‘DONNER‘ (Ignaz Donner) (see medal depicted below).

Figure 4: Small Silver Merit Medal for Royal and Imperial Military Doctors and Regimental Surgeons, obverse. Image from the author’s archive.

Reverse: The reverse of the medal is plain except for an inscription which reads in five lines: BENE MERENTIBVS/DE/ARTE MEDICO CHIRVR-/GICA/PRAEMIVM. Translation: Awarded for Meritorious Service in the Medical and Surgical Arts.

Figure 5: Silver Merit Medal for Royal and Imperial Military Doctors and Regimental Surgeons, reverse. Image from the author’s archive.

Weight:

  • Large Silver Medal: 113 grams
  • Silver Medal: 45 grams
  • Small Silver Medal: 14 grams

Size: 

  • Large Silver Medal: 50-51 mm in diameter and 5 mm thick
  • Silver Medal: 43 mm in diameter
  • Small Silver Medal: 35.8 mm in diameter

Type of Material: Silver

Variations: 

  • Type I Large Silver medal as described above
  • Type II Large Silver medal as described above but the reverse inscription is in six lines as follows: BENE MERENTIBVS/DE ARTE.MED.CHIRVRG/PROEMIVM INSTITVIT./FR.ANTON.BRENDEL./CHIRVRG.MILIT./MDCCLXXXV.
  • Small Silver Medal with an attached large loop eye

Figure 6: Silver Merit Medal for Royal and Imperial Military Doctors and Regimental Surgeons, Type II reverse. Image from the author’s archive.

Designer:

· Large Silver and Silver Medal: Johann Nepomuk Wirth

· Small silver Meal: Ignaz Donner

Manufacturer:  Unknown

Number Issued:  Unknown

Case: Unknown

Figure 7: Silver Merit Medal for Royal and Imperial Military Doctors and Regimental Surgeons, ribbon. Image from the author’s archive.

Ribbon: A 43 mm wide lemon-yellow ribbon with 10 mm black edge stripes

Attachments: None

Miniature: None known

 

I hope you enjoyed this blog. Until next time, I hope you find joy in our shared interest.

Rick

 

 

 

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