Figure 1: Maria Theresia Honor Medal. Image from the author’s archive.

Introduction: The Maria Theresia Honor Medal, (Maria Theresia Gnadenmedaille) was issued from 1765-1780 as a reward for especially meritorious service to the Empress.

Date Issued: 1765-1780

Reason Issued: As a reward for especially meritorious service to the Empress.

Classes or Types: Two classes with three subdivisions

· Large Gold, Gold and Small Gold Medal

· Large Silver, Silver and Small Silver Medal

Interesting Facts:

· Maria Theresia was the first ruler to issue clear regulations for the award of medals

· The word Gnaden (Grace) as used in the name of this medal had a different meaning when it was issued than it does today. Thus “grace” should be interpreted as “honor” therefore the title in today’s terminology would be the Empress Maria Theresia Honor Medal

Hallmarks: None Known

 

Figure 2: Maria Theresia Honor Medal, obverse. Image from the author’s archive.

 

Design: A round medal with raised rim and with an attached suspension eye at the top.

Obverse: A bust of the Archduchess Maria Theresia, facing to the viewers right and wearing a gown clasped at the shoulder. The bust of the empress is wearing a widows vail and a diadem and has long flowing curly hair. The medal has a raised rim. Paralleling the rim around the upper two thirds of the medal is the inscription: M. THERESIA D.G. ROM. IMP. GER. HUNG. & BOH. REG. ARCH. AUST. Translation: M Theresia with the grace of God Roman Empress, German Hungarian and Bohemian Queen, Archduchess of Austria. Below the shoulder of the bust is the maker’s name: A.W. (Anton Wideman)

Figure 3: Maria Theresia Honor Medal, reverse. Image from the author’s archive.

Reverse: The Lion of Bohemia with St. Wenzel’s crown on his head standing on a stylized platform. The lion holds in its right paw the Hungarian Patriarchs cross. Its left paw rests on the Austrian Herald’s shield. Paralleling the top edge of the medal is an inscription: IUSTITIA ET CLEMENTIA. Translation: Justice and Clemency.

Weight:

· Large Gold Honor Medal: 15 Ducats (52.5 grams)

· Gold Honor Medal: 10 Ducats (35 grams)

· Small Gold Honor Medal: 5 Ducats (17.5 grams)

· Large Silver Honor Medal: 43.7 grams

· Silver Honor Medal: 35 grams

· Small Silver Honor Medal: 26.3 grams

Size:   

· Large Gold Honor Medal: 48 mm in diameter

· Gold Honor Medal: 39-42.5 mm in diameter

· Small Gold Medal: 33mm in diameter

· Large Silver Honor Medal: 48 mm in diameter

· Silver Honor Medal: 39-43.7 mm in diameter

· Small Silver Honor Medal: 33 mm in diameter

Type of Material: Gold and Silver

Variations: 

· Type I: As described above

· Type II: as described above but with the makers name I.Wurth.f (found on gold medals)

· Type III: As described above but with no maker’s name

· Type IV: As described above but with the obverse inscription MARIA THERESIA AUGUSTA and with the makers name I. Vinazer.F (Found on Large Silver Medals)

Designers:

· Anton Franz Wideman

· Franz Xaver Wurth

· Christian Vinazer

· Giuseppe Toda

Manufacturer: Unknown

Number Issued: Unknown

Case: Unknown

Figure 4: Maria Theresia Honor Medal ribbon. Image from the author’s archive.

Ribbon: The gold medal could be worn on a gold chain or on a dark rose red ribbon while the silver medal was always worn on a red ribbon

Attachments: None

Miniature: None known

 

I hope you enjoyed this blog. Until next time, I hope you find joy in our shared interest.

Rick

Please follow and like us:
5 Comments
  1. Hello,need help to find something more related to this medal,thank you in advance

    • I would be happy to attempt to help you. In order to do so I will need to have a picture of the obverse as well as the reverse of this medal. Also, I will need to know what you already know about this medal and what information you are seeking.

      Rick

  2. I have thought that here could maybe find an archive of Maria Theresia Medals,I have found online some PDF about it but they asking me 3.65 to download it,thats the one of the reasons how I have got here in the first place,to not search info around for few hours.This medal suppose to be commemorative medal for anniversary of 100 years of Military Academy,I was also on their pages,of that Academy,they almoust regruted me..So far nothing,all its going into direction that this medal is a NewMint medal,replica,its strange to me only cos Richard Dawkins Military Shop is selling her, I do not found strange when I see on ebay those kind of medals.Also have few medals from my private collection that I would like that someone take a look,and thats all for now. Kind regards

  3. Forget to mention one important fact the medal is signed by Pittner.This medal is one of not so interesting that I have to ask, I got 2 that are way more interesting and intriging

    • I have seen this medal before. Ny research indicates that this table medal was issued on August 31,1862 to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Maria Theresia Military Academy in Wiener Neustadt in Lower Austria. This is a little odd as the academy was founded on December 14, 1751, thus the medal was issued a little after the 100th anniversary. As you indicated the medalist was Anton Pittner who produced medals from 1850-1892. The medal is reported to be 50-55 mm in diameter and to weigh 95 grams. I have seen examples for sale for prices ranging from $50 to $275. I believe the original medals were made in pewter. This is a summary of the information I have on this medal. If I can be of additional help, please let me know

      Rick

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.