In this blog I am going to discuss the Home Guard Forty Year Service Decoration (Landsturm 40 Dienstjahre Ehrenzeichen) Which was established by Emperor Franz Joseph I as a reward for award to those persons who served actively and with merit in an organization liable for militia service and subject to the national royal ministry for defense for a period of at least forty years.
Date Issued: Emperor Franz Joseph I created this decoration on November 26, 1908
Reason Issued: This decoration was created on the occasion of the Sixty Year Jubilee of Emperor Franz Joseph I for award to those persons who served actively and with merit in an organization liable for militia service and subject to the national royal ministry for defense for a period of at least forty years.
Classes or Types: There are two types of this award:
- Forty Year Service Medal in bronze
- Forty Year Service Medal in gilt bronze for officers
- A person receiving the 40 year medal had to return the 25 year medal
Hallmarks: None known
Design: A round medal with an attached imperial eagle suspension
Obverse: Inside a raised rim is the inscription: CONSTANTIAE ET PATRIAE AMORI (For perseverance and patriotism). Within the inscription is two laurel branches forming a wreath superimposed over which is the inscription FJI (Franz Joseph I) above which is an imperial crown. Attached to the upper edge of the medal is a 16 mm tall imperial eagle which serves as the suspension attaching the medal to the ribbon.
Reverse: Inside a raised rim is laurel wreath tied at the bottom with a bow. Inside the wreath is a horizontal plaque on which is the inscription: OCTO LUSTRA (Eight, five year periods, thus forty years). Attached to the upper edge of the medal is an imperial eagle with a ring near its lower edge which serves as the suspension attaching the medal to the ribbon.
Weight: 21.7 grams
Size: 35 mm in width, 51 mm in height including the 16 mm eagle suspender and it is 3 mm thick.
Type of Material: Dark chocolate bronze or gilt bronze.
Variations: None known
Manufacturer: Hauptmunzamt Wien (Imperial Mint, Vienna)
Number Issued: Unknown.
Ribbon: A 38 mm tri-fold ribbon. The ribbon is one half golden yellow and one half black. The yellow portion of the ribbon has a one and a half mm black stripe and the black a comparable yellow stripe. The narrow stripes are one and a half mm from the ribbons edge.
· A small rectangular ribbon for this decoration was introduced in October 27, 1917.
Miniature: Examples exist
Hope you enjoyed this blog. Until next time, I hope you find joy in our shared interest.