During the Republic Period, 1911-23, Chinese medals were produced in Japan for the Chinese government. They were made by individual Japanese medal makers who also produced medals for the Japanese government as well as for the Japanese “puppet states”. I do not think (at the moment I am not absolutely certain) the Chinese medals were made by the Osaka Mint itself. I have been told, but have seen no documentary evidence, that the Chinese government also used French enamelers to make some medals. As I understand it, there was no history of medal making in China prior to the 1911 Republic, thus the use of foreign medal makers at the beginning. Similarly, until 1867 there had been no history of medal making in Japan.