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    fred j borgmann
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    German Local Medal Estimates
    By Fred J. Borgmann

    The wars of German Unification culminating with the Franco Prussian War ending in 1871 are the most important wars in German History. After each of these wars the German States issued medals to their returning veterans. Twenty-five and forty years later many local communities of the now unified Germany issued commemoration medals to their veterans of these wars. Very little research or cataloging of these medals has been done as of this time (Jan., 2022). Nothing has been done to determine how many of the local medals were issued.
    Back in the 1980’s Louis Small came up with a formula based on the 1920 United States Census to estimate how many of each of the locally issued WWI service medals were made. Small’s system worked fairly well the main problem being that many of a location’s veterans lived outside for the city limits and were not counted by the census for that location but still received medals.
    When trying a similar system for the German medals I did not have a census to rely on. For German population statistics I used the following sources:
    Baedekers Travel Guides for Germany 1906-1913.
    Rand McNally Atlas 1890.
    Meyer’s Konversations Llexikon 1897.
    Encyclopedia Britannica 1904.
    Webster’s Geographical Dictionary 1977.
    Google.
    The population target years for me were 1875-1910. This works since the German population is fairly stable and not nearly as mobile as the Americans are for example. When only modern population numbers could be found 2003- I divided the population number in half to approximate what the population would have been in 1890 based on my observations of the German growth rate. German Population numbers for Dusseldorf included numbers for civilian and military populations which indicated that 8% of the population was in uniform.
    What follows here is a list of the medals I know to exist with population figures and an estimated number of veterans eligible to receive one of the listed medals.

    Most medals actually have a “for veterans” type statement on medal which would include the words Gewidmet, Ihren or Seinen in the inscriptions.
    This listing does not include war anniversary celebration and monument medals.

    Arlen 1895 Population ? Medals est. ?
    Baden-Baden 1896 looped * Population 10,000 Medals est. 800
    Bad Kissingen 1895 * Population 3,471 Medals est. 278
    Bavaria 1895 Population 4,863,450 Medals est. 389,076
    Brehna 1895 Population 2002 Medals est. 160
    Bremen 1895 * Population 111,039 Medals est. 8,883
    Brunswick Inf. Regt. No 92 1895
    Crimmitschau 1895, two types; one for vets. Population 17,649 Medals est. 1412
    Dusseldorf 1895 * Population 80,695 Medals est. 6,455

    Erlangen 1895 Population 13,597 Medals est. 1,088
    Fischen 1895 * Population 1,500 Medals est. 120
    Garmisch 1895 * Population 2,700 Medals est. 216
    Gundelfingen 1896 Population 2,830 Medals est. 226
    Halle a.S. 1895 * Population 60,503 Medals est. 4,840
    Hamburg 1870 Christmas medal to wounded in Hamburg’s military hospitals.*
    Hanau 1895-1896 Population 22,269 Medals est. 1,781
    Hochst a/Main 1895/96 Population 1,900 Medals est. 152
    Holzkirchen 1896 Population 8,265 Medals est. 66
    Ingolstadt 1895 * Population 14,485 Medals est. 1,159
    Kitzingen 1895 * Population 6,393 Medals est. 511
    Konstanz 1895 * Population 10,061 Medals est. 805
    Laufen 1895 * Population 1,737 Medals est. 139
    Leisnig 1895 * Population 7,944 Medals est. 635
    Letschin 1910 * Population 3,140 Medals est. 251
    Lichtenfels 1895 * Population 2,959 Medals est. 237
    Lindau 1895 Population 1,057 Medals est. 85
    Minden 1879 (date unclear) Next of kin ? * Population 17,869 Medals est. 1,429
    Oberstdorf 1896* Population 2,500 Medals est. 200
    Pappenheim 1895 Population 1,748 Medals est. 140
    Perlach 1896 * now part of Munich
    Plattling 1895 Population 6,312 Medals est. 505
    Pless 1895/96 Population 4,132 Medals est. 330 (population of Pless greatly reduced by 2008)
    Poppenhausen 1896 Veterans Assoc. issue *
    Rudesheim 1895 * Population 4,772 Medals est. 382
    Rothenbach 1895 * Population 450 Medals est. 36
    Saarbrucken 1871 school children’s medal *
    St.Georgen (Bav.) 1895 Population 3,520 Medals est. 282
    Schleswig-Holstein 1870/71 gold medal for helping widows and orphans
    Schoneck 1895 vets issue? * Population 4,700 Medals est. 376
    Schopfheim 1895 Population 3,828 Medals est. 306
    Thumringen 1895 Population in 1834: 329 Medals est. 26
    Thurnau 1895 * Population 1,300 Medals est. 104
    Uberlingen 1895 * Population 4,400 Medals est. 352
    Viechtach 1910 * Population 2,100 Medals est. 168
    Vilich (now Beuel) 1895 * now part of Bonn
    Waldsassen 1895 Population 3,605 Medals est. 288
    Weil 1896 * Population 14,862 Medals est. 1189
    Witten 1895 * Population 37,400 Medals est. 2992
    Zwiesel 1895 * Population 4,000 Medals est. 320

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