Up until 1901 Australia was a series of independent colonies under the flag of England. In 1901 Australia became a federation of Six states and two territories.
All though that made us a country what actually defined us as a country was the attack at Gallipoli , a half a world away in the Dardanelles , right on Turkey’s doorstep.
Although Gallipoli was a disaster from the get go it was the first time in Australia’s history we had engaged an enemy as AUSTRALIANS, not as soldiers from a colonial state, not as a British contingent, or had soldiers who acted directly under British officers.
To remember and honour the sacrifices of the first Aussie troops ( and kiwis) a medallion was stuck for schoolchildren to remember this event, a significant and defining moment in our history.