Figure 1: Grand Civil Honor Cross. Image attributed to Reference Catalogue Orders, medals and decorations of the World, A-D, Borna Barac

Introduction:

On August 31, 1814 Emperor Franz I funded the Civil honor Cross (Zivil-Ehrenkreuz 1813/1814)  as a reward for those high ranking state officials and soldiers who had contributed to the diplomatic and political success of the allied armies in 1813 and 1814 during the war against the French.

Date Issued:  Authorized on August 31, 1814 and first issued on May 26, 1815

Reason Issued:  Funded by Emperor Franz I as a reward for those high ranking state officials and soldiers who had contributed to the diplomatic and political success of the allied armies in 1813 and 1814 during the war against the French.

Classes or Types:  Three

  • Grand Civil Honor Cross
  • Gold Civil Honor Cross
  • Silver Civil Honor Cross

Interesting Facts:

  • The grand Civil Honor cross was only awarded once on September 20, 1814 to the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Klemens Prince Metternich.
  • Recipients were allowed to engrave their names on the edge of the cross
  •  These awards were all personally presented by the emperor
  • The suspension ring for the Grand Civil Honor Cross was engraved with laurel leaves
  • Award certificates were issued for these crosses signed by the emperor

Hallmarks:  The 1813 mark of the Vienna Mint: an imperial eagle in a diamond is found on top of the suspension rings in the official crosses

Figure 2: Silver Civil Honor Cross. Image from the author’s archive

Design:

  • Grand Civil Honor Cross: A lightly pebbled gold cross formee (pattee) with raised edges. The cross has a wide coined half circle eye on the upper arm through which passes an engraved suspension ring which is decorated with laurel leaves for suspending the ribbon from the eye.
  • Civil Honor Cross: A lightly pebbled gold or silver cross formee (pattee) with raised edges. The cross has a wide coined half circle eye on the upper arm through which passes a suspension ring which is decorated with laurel leaves for suspending the ribbon from the eye.

Figure 3: Silver Civil Honor Cross, obverse. Image from the author’s archive

Obverse:

  • Grand Civil Honor Cross: A gold cross formee (pattee)  which has a raised rim. Inside the rim is a raised cross outline. Within this outline are raised areas bearing the following inscription: on the upper arm the word GRATI, (translation = Gratitude) on the horizontal arms of the cross is the inscription which PRINCEPS (left arm) ET PATRIA (right arm), (translation = Ruler and Fatherland). On the lower arm of the cross is an inscription in two lines: FRANC, /IMP.AUG. (Translation = Emperor Franz). See figure 1 above

 

  • Gold and Silver Civil Honor Cross: A gold or silver cross formee (pattee)   which has a raised rim. On the upper arm is the word GRATI, (translation = Gratitude) on the center of the cross is a horizontal inscription PRINCEPS ET PATRIA, (translation = Ruler and Fatherland) which passes from arm to arm and passes through the center of the cross. On the lower arm of the cross is an inscription in two lines: FRANC, /IMP.AUG. (Translation = Emperor Franz). See Figure 3 above

Figure 4: Silver Civil Honor Cross, reverse. Image from the author’s archive

Reverse:

  • Grand Civil Honor Cross: A gold cross cross-formee (pattee) which has a raised rim. Inside the rim is a raised cross outline. Within this outline are raised areas bearing the following inscription: on the upper arm the word EUROPAE, (Translation = Europe) on the horizontal arms of the cross is the inscription which LIBERTATAE on the left arm and ASSERTA on the right arm, (translation = Liberty Assured). On the lower arm of the cross is an inscription in two lines: MDCCCXIII/ MDCCCXIV (Translation = 1813/1814)
  • Gold and Silver Civil Honor Cross: A gold or silver cross formee (pattee) which has a raised rim. On the upper arm is the word EUROPAE, (Translation = Europe) on the center of the cross is a horizontal inscription LIBERTATAE ASSERTA, (translation = Liberty Assured) which passes from arm to arm and passes through the center of the cross. On the lower arm of the cross is an inscription in two lines: MDCCCXIII/ MDCCCXIV (Translation = 1813/1814)

Weight:

  • Grand Civil Honor Cross =  Unknown
  • Gold Civil Honor  Cross = 22.5 grams
  • Silver Civil Honor Cross = 10-11 grams

Size:

  • Grand Civil Honor Cross : 45 mm in diameter.
  • Gold Civil Honor Cross: 30 mm in diameter and 1.5 mm thick
  • Silver Civil Honor Cross: 30 mm in diameter and 1.5 mm thick

Materials: Gold and silver

Variations: None known

Designer: Johann W. Harnisch

Manufacturer: Vienna Hauptmunzampt (National Mint)

Number Issued: 

  • Grand Civil Honor Cross = 1
  • Gold Civil Honor Cross = 40 (38 according to Hessenthal and Schreiber)
  • Silver Civil Honor Cross =151 (149 according to Hessenthal and Schreiber

Case:  Unknown

Figure 5: Civil Honor Cross, ribbon. Image from the author’s archive

Ribbon: Manufactured by Thaddaus Berger and son in Vienna

  • Grand Civil Honor Cross: A 42-43 mm wide black ribbon with equal golden yellow side stripes.
  • Gold and Silver Honor Cross: A 38 mm wide and 20 cm long strait black ribbon with equal 12 mm wide golden yellow side stripes. From 1814 to 1848 the ribbon was worn in the button hole. After 1848 it was converted to the standard tri-fold ribbon

Attachments: None

Miniature: Several variations known to exist

Figure 6: Gold Civil Honor Cross, miniature. Image from the author’s archive

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Figure 7: Silver Civil Honor Cross, miniature. Image from the author’s archive

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 Recipients of the Civil Honor Cross:

 

Grand Civil Honor Cross

Klemens Prince Metternich, Minister of Foreign Affairs

Gold Civil Honor Cross

1. Archduke Joseph, Hungarian Palatin

2. Fieldmarschall Albrecht, Duke of Saxon Teschen,

3. Feldmarschall Ferdinand Duke von Wurttemberg, the Governor of Steiermark

4. Christian Count Aicholt, Governor of Styrmark

5. Ferdinand Maria Count Attems, Municipal Hetman

6. Anton, Freiherr von Baldacci, Minister t the armed forces, Chief Factotum Finance Directorate

7. Georg Count Banffy, the Siebenburgen Governor

8. Andreas Nicolaus, Freiherr von Barbier, Vice President of the Court Chamber

9. Feldmarschall Heinrich Count Bellegarde, Military Governor of Galicia and Lodomeria

10. Ferdinand Count Bissingen-Nippenburg, Statthalter for Vorarlberg, Governor of Tyrol

11. Wenzel Leopold Count Chlumczansky von Prestawlk und Chlumcan, Prince and Archbishop of Prague

12. Ignaz Graf Chorinsky, the President of the Hofkammer, Austrian Statthalter

13. Feldmarschall Joseph Count Colloredo

14. Feldmarschall Wenzel Count Colloredo

15. Joseph Count Dietrichstein, Landesmarschall, Austrian Stathalter

16. Joseph Count Erdody von Croatia, Court Councilor

17. Joseph Peter Count Goes, Governor of Galicia and Lodomeria

18. Franz Freiherr von Hauer, President Galician Government

19. Bernard Gotlieb Freiherr von Hingenau, President of the Ministry

20. General of Cavalry Franz Xaver Prince Hohenzollern-Hechingen

21. Joseph von Hudelist, State and Conference Councilor

22. Franz Prince Kohary von Czabrahu and Szitnye, Hungarian Vice chancellor

23. Franz Count Kollowrat von Liebstein, Bohemian Oberstburggraf

24. Procop Count Lonzansky, Court Councilor

25. Ludwig Freiherr von Lebzeltern, the Envoy in Petersburg

26. Joseph Count Majlath von Szekely, President of the Hungarian Court Chamber

27. Fieldmarschall –leutnant Daniel Freiherr von Mecsery,

28.  General Heainrich XV Prince von Reuss-Plauen

29. Anton Ritter von Roschmann of Horburg, Court Councilor and Statthalter of Vorarlberg

30. Franz Graf Saurau, Envoy in Madrid, Austrian Statthalter

31.  Joseph Ritter Schuller, state and Council Councilor

32. Philipp Count Stadion, State Council Minister and National Finance Minister

33. General of Cavalry Joseph Freiherr von Stipiecz

34. Max Vicker of Rekitoretz, Bishop of Agram

35. Joseph Count Wallis, State and Council Minister

36. Johann Philipp Freiherr von Wessneberg, Minister of Munich

37. Carl Count Zichy, State and Council Minister

38. Stephan Count Zichy, Envoy to Berlin

39. Bernard Freiherr von Rosetti, Governor of Terstu

40. Alois Count Ugarte, State and Council Minister, Austrian Statthalter

 Silver Civil Honor Cross:

1. Hubert, Freiherr von Andlau, Court Chamberlain

2. Alois Ritter von Auersperg, Government Secretary for Tyrol

3. August Count Auersperg, Government official

4. Raimund Count Auersperg, Regional Hetman for Lublan

5.  Johann Freiherr von Bartenstein, Vice Chancellor

6. Wenzel Bauer von Adelsbach, Physician

7. Anton Freiherr von Baum, Court official and Regional Hetman for Boeotia

8. Johann Michael Baumgarter, Director of the Royal Building and Road Inspection Service

9. Franz Seraphin Bedekovich von Komor, State and Council Official

10. Anton von Bernbergu, Regional Hetman for Vysluzbe

11. Franz Freiherr von Binder-Kriegelstein, Minister to the Netherlands Royal Court

12. Heinrich Ritter Blumencron, Regional Hetman for Litomericich

13. Johann Wenzel Ritter Bohm, Royal Bohemian Government official

14. Ludwig Count Bombelles, Minister to Dresden

15. Borgas, Physician

16. Ritter Braun, Former Austrian minister to France

17. Carl Breinl, Regional Hetman to Pizen

18. Anton Freiherr von Bretfeld zu Cronenburg, Chief Bohemian Official

19. Johann Buml, Regional Hetman for Tabore

20. Alois Freiherr von Bosnia and Santa Croce, Regional Hetman for Tridentu

21. Carl Count Chotek von Cholkwa, Statthalter for Vorarlberg

22. Philipp Count Consolatti

23. Anton Czech, Regional Hetman for the lower forth of Manhartsburg

24. Carl Damm, Former Royal commissioner to Welsu

25. Anton Eduard Donhammer, Third Province Council Commissioner

26. Ferdinand von Dordi, regional governor for Milan

27. Wilhelm von Drossdicku, Court official

28. Gottfried Freiherr von Dyka, Regional Hetman for the colonies

29. Johann Adelbert Ehrenberg, Baron von Volkammeru, Governor of Lower Styr

30. Joseph Freiherr von Erban, Regional Hetman for Klatovech

31. George Wilhelm Escherich, regional Hetman for Tarnow

32. Paul Prince Esterhazyvon Galanthy, Ambassador to England

33. Adelbert Fahndrich, Abbot of Zelivi

34. Joseph Faschang, Prior

35. Anton Feyertag, Chancellor of the University of Prague

36. Joseph Engelbert von Floretu, Court official

37. Joseph Friebel, Superintendent of Novych Zaimcich

38. Claudius Fuljod, Court official

39. Johann Nepomuk freiher von Geislern, Bosnian official and Vice Chancellor

40. Wilhelm Ferdinand von Genotte, Bosnian Ministry official

41. Freidrich Ritter von Genzu, Court official

42. Ignaz Gielge District Commissioner for Lambach

43. Alexander von Gohausenu, Bosnian official and police superintendent for Styr

44. Joseph Ritter Goldammer, Deputy Chamberlain of the lower house of Bosnia

45. Hermann Ritter Greiffenegg, Bosnian Minister to Hanover

46. Johann Michael Grossel, Regional Hetman for Bosnia Budejovicich

47. General of Artillery Andreas von Gyurkovichu

48. Johann Anton Hafferl,

49. Pavel Antonin Ritter Handel, Bosnian national official and court chancellor

50. Leopold Ritter Hauer, Regional Hetman for Bolzanu

51. Herrman Franz Freiherr von Hess, president of the Moravian-Silesian Appellate courts

52. Joseph Hoch, Bosnian government official and police superintendent for Linz

53. Leopold Ritter Horodysky, Baron von Galicia

54. Carl Freiherr von Hruby, Bosnian Law official

55.  Carl Freidrich Count Hruby, Baron von Milesove in Bosnia

56. Alois Freiherr von Hugel, Bosnian secret service official

57. Joseph Franz Hurdalek, Bishop of Litomericich

58. Joseph Jacoba, Regional Hetman for the Forth Region

59. Franz Joseph Freiherr von Juritsch, Bosnian Government Official for Styr

60. George Karl, Chief Magistrate of Praze

61. Franz Count Klebelsberg, Bosnian Court Chamberlain

62. Ludwig Freiherr von Konigsberg Moravia –Silesia Government Official

63. Anton Panosch von Kreuzinfeld, Regional Hetman for Rakovnik

64. Johann Nepomuk Ritter von Kronenfelsu, Moravian-Silesian Government Official

65. Joseph Freiherr von Krufft, Official of the Court of Appeals

66. Joseph Kugstatscher, Provincial Postal Official for Tyrol

67. General Christian Freiherr von Lattermann, and Quartermaster General of Galicia and Lodomeria

68. Carl Freiherr von Lederer, National Council Official

69. Caspar Lehmann, Bosnian, Court Official

70. Caspar Freiherr von Lempruch, Regional Hetman for Hausruck

71. Johann Limbeck Ritter von Lilenau, Bosnian Court Official

72. Jeronym Count Lutzow, Regional Hetman for Bydzove

73. Wolfgang Ritter von Manneru, Regional Hetman for Brne

74. Anton Freiherr von Marenzi, Government Vice President of the Styr Region

75. Karl Freiherr von Margelick, Bohemian Government Secretary

76. Joseph Mayer von Gravenegg, Bohemian Court Official

77. Mazetti, Physician from Tyrol

78. Daniel Mensi, Reginal Hetman for the Lower Tyrol

79. Franz Dionysius Ritter Merkl, Regional Hetman for Boleslavi

80. Ludwig Ritter Mertins, Vice President of the Bohemian Government

81. Peter Ritter Mertins, Court Official

82. Johann Freiherr von Metzburg, Court Official

83. Felix Count Mier, Chamberlain

84. Ladislaus Mikos Tarrodhaza, State and Council Official

85. Adam Muller, Bohemian General Council of Lipsku

86. Joachim Eduard Freiherr von Munich-Bellinghausen, former Region Commissar for Lokti

87. Artillery General Casper Freiherr von Mylius

88. Andreas von Neuberg, Court official and a member of the emperor’s cabinet

89. Karl Neumann, State Inspector of supplies

90. Philipp Baron Neumann, Bosnian Mission Secretary in London

91. Anton Count Palfy, Bosnian Chamberlain

92. Joseph Baron Peche, Former Region Commissar for Beroune

93. Lazerus Freiherr von Perenyi, Chief Royal Court Official

94. Lorenz Ritter Perger, Royal Bohemian Government Official

95. Anton Pete, Former Region Commissar for Lower Tyrol

96. Ludwig Baron Petkovich, Bohemian Court Official

97. Leopold Pezold, Bohemian Court Official

98. Freanz Xaver Pfleger Ritter von Wertenau, Vice Commissioner to Vicenze

99. Franz Joseph Pilat, Private Secretary to Prince Metternich

100. Carl Count Pilati, Private Secretary to the Commissar of Salzburg

101. Franz Freiherr von Pillersdorf, Bohemian Court Official

102. Procop Platzer, Regiion Hetman for Beroune

103. Joseph Prohasska, Regional Hetman for Kourimi

104. Franz Karl Radicevic, Government official from Terstu

105. General of Artillery Demetrij Radosevic von Radose, and Court official

106. August Freiherr von Reichmann von Hochkirchen, Austrian Statthalter

107.  Franz Reuss, Chief Official

108. Franz Riccabona von Reichenfelsu, Regional Hetman for Roveretu

109. Eduard Ritter, Kouromsky Court Commissar

110. Franz Baron Romer, Government Secretary for Innsbruck

111. Sacharias Romisch, Magistrate for Lower Skala in Bohemia

112. Karl Izidor Roner von Ehrenwertu, Vice Regent for Padove

113. Anton Leopold Roschmann von Horburg, Regional Hetman for the upper forth of Videnskym Lesem

114. Jakob Rosne, Bohemian Court Official

115. Franz Baron Saar, Region Hetman for the lower forth of Videnskym Lesem

116. Franz Alban Baron Schraut, Bosnian Minister for Switzerland

117. Schrock, Bosnian Official

118. Alois Schwinner, Bosnian Court Official

119. Karl Count Sigary, Bosnian Chamberlain

120. Johann Baron Slugocky, Architecture directorate for Lvove

121. Heinrich Christph Sonnleitner, Former regional Commissar for the lower forth of Mannhartsberg

122. Count Speigal von Diesenberg, Bosnian Court Official

123. Philipp Ritter Stahl, President of the Court Trade Commission

124. Christoph Freiherr von Stieber, Regional Hetman for the upper forth of  Mannhartsberg

125. Carl Joseph Baron Stieler, Retired Royal Government Official

126. Andreas Freiherr von Stift, State and Council Official

127. Bartolomeus Freiherr von Sturmer, Legislative Secretary

128. Johann Nepomuk Baron Suppe, Government Official

129. Ritter Thiery, State Holder of Castui

130. Johann Baptist Count Thurn-Hofer of Valsassina, Delegate from Venice

131. Karl Justus Baron Toresani-Linzfeld, Delegate from Udine

132. Sebastian Count Trautmannsdorf, nobleman from Zbraslavice in Bosnia

133. Alois Count Ugarte, Bosnian Court official

134. Ferdinand Freiherr von Ulm-Erbach, Administrative President of Celovci

135. Joseph Ritter Varena, Government Official and Chamber Attorney to the Privy Council

136. Jacob Vicentini, Municipal Building Inspector for Terstu

137. Anton Baron Vogl, Bosnian Government Official and Police Superintendent for Galicia and Lodomeria

138. Nicolaus Baron Wacken, Bosnian Court Official

139. Adelbert Walkony, Former Regional Commissar for Rakovniku

140. Maximilian Count Wallis, Bosnian Government Official

141. Joseph Wander von Grunwald, Superintendent of Road Construction in Bosnia

142. Johann Hugo Baron Weiss, Bosnian Major

143. Karl Freiherr von Werner, Royal Government Official

144. Johann Ritter Weyrother, Regional Hetman for Lokti

145. Franz Joseph Wilfling, Royal Bosnian Government Official

146. Franz Willmann, Government Secretary for Praze

147. Andreas Witzmann, Bosnian Court Official

148. Stephan Ritter Wohlleben, Royal Court Official and Chief Magistrate for Vidni

149. Carl Wullersdorf von Urbairu, Seated Delegate from Rovignu

150. Leopold Herrmann Baron Wullersdorf, Regional Hetman for Sandezu

151. Carl Count Micheli

 

Figure 8: Klemens Prince Metternich, Minister of Foreign Affairs wearing the Grand Civil Honor Cross. Image from the author’s archive

 

Figure 9: Archduke Joseph wearing the Gold Civil Honor Cross. Image from the author’s archive

 

Hope you enjoyed this blog. Until next time when, I hope you find joy in our shared interest

Rick

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