Emperor Franz I founded Army Cross (Armeekreuz ) in 1814 as a reward for those troops without regard to rank who had participated in the battles against the French and their allies in 1813 and 1814. In this blog I will complete my discussion of this award by describing the variationsin the award, the designer, manufacturer, number issued, case, ribbon, attachments and miniatures.
Variations: There was only one official issue but these are a number of crosses that were privately manufactured and these are quite variable. Also some crosses were unofficially named on the rim
Designer: Johann W. Harnisch
Manufacturer: The Vienna Hauptmunzampt (National Mint)
- Grand Army Cross = 1
- Army Cross = 90,000
Ribbon: Manufactured by Thaddaus Berger and son in Vienna
- Grand Army Cross: a 42 or 43 mm wide golden yellow neck ribbon with equal black side stripes.
- Army Cross: a 38-40 mm wide and 20 cm long strait golden yellow ribbon with equal black side stripes. The widths of the stripes are as follows, Black edge stripes = 12 mm and the golden yellow center stripe is 14 mm. From 1814 to 1848 the ribbon was worn in the button hole. After 1848 it was converted to the standard tri-fold ribbon.
Attachments: There are no attachments to the crosses but there are attachments to the ribbon.
Miniature: Several variations are known to exist
Hope you enjoyed this blog. Until next time when, I hope you find joy in our shared interest