Figure 1: Army Cross, obverse. Image courtesy of Dorotheum.

Introduction:

Emperor Franz I founded Army Cross (Armeekreuz ) in 1814 as a reward for those troops without regard to rank who had participated in the battles against the French and their allies in 1813 and 1814. In this blog I will complete my discussion of this award by describing the variationsin the award, the designer, manufacturer, number issued, case, ribbon, attachments and miniatures.

Variations: There was only one official issue but these are a number of crosses that were privately manufactured and these are quite variable. Also some crosses were unofficially named on the rim

Figure 2: Army Cross, private manufacture, obverse. Image courtesy of Dorotheum.

 

Figure 3: Army Cross lower arm edge with added inscription. Image from the author’s archive.

Designer: Johann W. Harnisch

Manufacturer: The Vienna Hauptmunzampt (National Mint)

Number Issued:

  • Grand Army Cross = 1
  • Army Cross = 90,000

Case: Unknown

Figure 4: Army Cross ribbon. Image from the author’s archive.

Ribbon: Manufactured by Thaddaus Berger and son in Vienna

  • Grand Army Cross: a 42 or 43 mm wide golden yellow neck ribbon with equal black side stripes.
  • Army Cross: a 38-40 mm wide and 20 cm long strait golden yellow ribbon with equal black side stripes. The widths of the stripes are as follows, Black edge stripes = 12 mm and the golden yellow center stripe is 14 mm. From 1814 to 1848 the ribbon was worn in the button hole. After 1848 it was converted to the standard tri-fold ribbon.

Attachments: There are no attachments to the crosses but there are attachments to the ribbon.

Figure 5: Army Cross ribbon wiht attached bar and miniature of he army Cross. Image from the author’s archive.

 

Figure 6: A pair of chest ribbons with an Army Cross miniature attachment on a metal bar with another decoration. Image from the author’s archive.

Miniature:  Several variations are known to exist

Figure 8: Army Cross miniature. Image from the author’s archive.

 

Figure 9: Field Marshal Karl Philipp Furst zu Schwarzenberg, Herzog von Krumau wearing the Order of the Golden Fleece, the Order of Maria Theresa, grand cross, the Order of St Stephan grand cross, and the Grand Army Cross for services rendered in 1814 and 1815. There was only a single Grand Army Cross awarded. Image from the author’s archive.

 

Figure 10: Field Marshal Laval Graf von Nugent-Westmeath Wearing the Army Cross 1813-1814. Image from the author’s archive.

 

Hope you enjoyed this blog. Until next time when, I hope you find joy in our shared interest

Rick

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