Registered: June 2007
|The Medal of Freedom was authorized on July 6 1945 for action of non-military personnel, since 7 December 1941, whom have aided the US in war against an enemy.
During WWII this was issued primarily to those who assisted allied soldiers in escaping / avoiding capture by the enemy and for underground operations.
The degree of award was based on the number of Americans rescued.
1-6 = Certificate of Thanks. (# Unknown)
7-15 = Medal without Palm device. (~4754 awarded)
16-35 = Medal with Bronze Palm device. (~987 awarded)
36-75 = Medal with Silver Palm device. (~350 awarded)
>75 or for members of Underground operation units = Medal with Gold palm device. (~79 awarded)
The medal was amended on 3 April 1953, due to the Korean War not having an underground organization to aid escaping Americans. The award was expanded to include those whom have furthered the interest of the US security or an ally during a national emergency. Only the medal without palm was awarded to US citizens all other nations received all grades of the medal.
The degree of award was now compared to the degrees of the Legion of Merit.
Medal without palm device = Bronze star
Medal with Bronze palm = LOM Legionnaire / Officer grade
Medal with Silver palm = LOM Commander grade
Medal with Gold palm = LOM Chief Commander grade
Approximately 259 medals were awarded during the Korean War.
The gold palm device of this medal is made of 10K solid gold.
See a "Certificate of Thanks" supporting document here: http://www.omsa.org/forums/showthread.php?t=1949