Commemoration Medal for Volunteers of the Provence of Limburg

Introduction:

In 1790 Emperor Leopold II established the Commemoration Medal for Volunteers of Limburg (Figure 1) Erinnerungs-Medaille für Freiwilligeaus der Provinz Limburg) as a reward for bravery or especially meritorious service to the empire by those volunteers from the Austrian Netherlands/Belgium province of Limburg who responded to the call to arms in 1790 to resist rebellion and in 1792 and 1793 to defend the empire from the army of the French Republic. What follows is a detailed numismatic description of this medal.

Figure 1: Large Gold Limburg Volunteers Medal. Image from the author's archive.

Figure 1: Large Gold Limburg Volunteers Medal. Image from the author’s archive.

Medal Numismatics:

Date Issued:  1790, 1792 and 1793

Reason Issued:  As a reward for bravery or especially meritorious service to the empire by those volunteers from the Austrian Netherlands/Belgium province of Limburg who responded to the call to arms in 1790 to resist rebellion and in 1792 and 1793 to defend the empire from the army of the French Republic

Classes or Types:  Three

  • Large Gold Medal
  • Small Gold Medal
  • Silver Medal

Interesting Facts:

  • Large gold medals were issued to high ranking officers
  • Small gold medals were issued to lower ranking officers
  • Silver medals were issued to Non-Commissioned Officers and enlisted men

Hallmarks:  None Known

Design:  A round medal with an attached stylized suspension eye at the top.

Obverse (Figure 2&3):  The bust of Leopold II, facing to the right. He is portrayed with long wavy hair in which is a laurel wreath near the temples. Paralleling the rim around the upper two-thirds of the medal is the inscription: LEOPOLDVS II. AVG .DVX LIMBVRGI (Emperor Leopold II Duke of Limburg)

Figure 2: Gold Limburg Volunteers Medal, obverse. Image from the author's archive.

Figure 2: Gold Limburg Volunteers Medal, obverse. Image from the author’s archive.

Figure 3: Silver Limburg Volunteers Medal, obverse. Image from Pinterest.

Figure 3: Silver Limburg Volunteers Medal, obverse. Image from Pinterest.

Reverse (Figure 4&5):  Inside a wreath composed of two boughs one of oak on the right and the other of laurel on the left is an inscription in six lines: FIDIS/ FORTIBVSQVE/ VOLVNTARIIS/ LIMBVRGENSIBVS/ PALMA/ MDCCXC. (The Faithful and Brave Limburger Volunteers the Palm 1790)

Figure 4: Gold Limburg Volunteers Medal, reverse. Image from the author's archive.

Figure 4: Gold Limburg Volunteers Medal, reverse. Image from the author’s archive.

Figure 5: Silver Limburg Volunteers Medal, reverse. Image from Pinterest.

Figure 5: Silver Limburg Volunteers Medal, reverse. Image from Pinterest.

Weight:

  • Large Gold Medal = unknown
  • Small Gold Medal = Unknown
  • Silver Medal = 13 grams

Size: 

  • Large Gold Medal = 34 mm (Hessenthal and Schreiber = 32 mm)
  • Small Gold Medal = 32 mm (Hessenthal and Schreiber = 28 mm)
  • Silver Medal = 28 mm (Hessenthal and Schreiber = 32 mm)

Type of Material:  Gold and silver

Variations:  None known

Designer: Unknown

Manufacturer: Vienna Mint

Number Issued:  In 1790 the number issued were as follows, the number issued in 1792 and 1793 are unknown:

  • Large Gold Medal= 34
  • Small Gold Medal = 108
  • Silver Medal = 1084

Case:  Unknown

Ribbon (Figure 6): A 35 mm wide dark red ribbon with a 5 mm wide corn-flower blue edge strips

Figure 6: Limburg Volunteer Medal Ribon

Figure 6: Limburg Volunteer Medal Ribbon

Attachments:  None

Miniature:  None known

I hope you have enjoyed this description of the Limburg Volunteers medal. I look forward to my next opportunity to shar with you
Rick

 

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