German

Evolution of the Ludwig Order

Center of Ludwigsorder

Crafting order decorations started on a larger scale with the end of the 18th century. Jewelers were appointed to manufacture decorations for the various countries and states while perfecting their techniques in doing so. The famous Prussian jeweler Georg Hossauer was certainly one of them, but others

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Who is this Bavarian Pilot?

This is an interesting photo of a Bavarian Air Service pilot.  He is wearing a large medal bar with the Military Max Joseph Order Knight’s Cross, a Bavarian Military Merit Order IV Class with Swords, and a Prussian Iron Cross 2nd Class.  These awards appeared to have been artistically “added” to the

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The German Eagle Order – 1st Type

German Eagle Order - detail View

Adolf Hitler created the German Eagle Order on May 1, 1937, based on a personal request of Foreign Minister Dr. Meissner1). The creation of the order finally enabled the German Reich to honor foreigners. The order would be awarded through the Fuehrer through proposal of the foreign

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Joseph Ritter von Steiner

Joseph Steiner was born on November 24, 1895 at Langenreichen, Schwaben to master-cooper, farmer, and Mayor of Langenreichen Josef and his wife Josefa.  He was one of ten (10) children.  He later completed his studies to become a teacher at the Teacher Education Institution at Lauingen/Donau, and then on

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Applying Proof Marks

WW 938

The application of proof marks to orders, medals and decorations was in most cases mandatory and required by law. Proof marks were applied to decorations during the manufacturing process. However, were they applied before or after the enameling process? Most of us collectors know that some countries

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Prussian General-Major Heinrich Simon Eduard von Valentini

Heinrich Simon Eduard von Valenti was born on October 4, 1818 at Eulenberg bei Neu-Stettin.  On August 18, 1836 he was commissioned as a Seconde-Lieutenant in the 14th Infantry Regiment.   On July 18, 1851 he was promoted to Premier-Lieutenant, on February 5, 1855 he was promoted to

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Craftsmanship – Detailing Red Eagle Orders

Oak Leaf

One who collects order decorations and medals needs to understand and be knowledgeable about the mechanics behind crafting those precious items we all seek. One of the steps in crafting order decorations is the finishing of attributes like golden swords or oak leafs. Take the Prussian Red Eagle Order

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A Bavarian Bravery Medal Mystery

This grouping was previously offered by a Munich auction house in 2002. The items in the group consist of the Orden der Bayerischen Tapferkeitsmedaille identification card and medals of Adolf Fichtner. Adolf Fichtner was awarded the Silver Bavarian Bravery Medal for action at Verdun on March 29,

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Kingdom of Saxony – Swords on Ring

The attachment of the so called “Swords on Ring” to order decorations embodied in all cases a symbol for those that had been awarded decorations for merit in war and for bravery once being promoted to a higher grade of an order. Without this attribute, the sign

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An Officer’s Custom-made Bavarian Military Commemorative for 1813-1815

The Bavarian Military Commemorative for 1813, 1814, and 1815 (Militärdenkzeichen für 1813, 1814, und 1815) was founded on December 4, 1814 by King Maxmilian Joseph I. for all, “on the payroll of the mobilized army in the years 1813 and 1814, or who were recorded in only

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