The Military Max Joseph Order and the Siegestor

Visitors to Munich may have the opportunity to pass by the Siegestor (Victory Arch) where Ludwigstraße meets Leopoldstraße during a journey through the city: Overhead view of the Siegestor.  What is not evident when viewing the Siegestor however is the connection of the Siegestor to the Military Max Joseph Order. The Siegestor

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Merit Cross, Part I

Introduction: When Emperor Franz Joseph assumed the throne in Austria one of his earliest actions was to establish the merit cross (Verdienstkreuz) to be awarded to those who demonstrated proven devotion to the fatherland, many years of valuable service, or other significant services in support of the

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Die Prägevarianten der königlich-bayerischen Militär-Verdienst-Medaille im Vergleich

  Walter Kinast     Bei der bayerischen Militär-Verdienst-Medaille (im Volksmund immer schon als Tapferkeitsmedaille bezeichnet, erst durch Verordnung vom 2. März 1918 erhielt sie, wenn auch sehr spät, offiziell diese Bezeichnung) gibt es immer noch viele unbeantwortete Fragen. Bei den Prägevarianten soll hier versucht werden, etwas

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Civil Merit Medal

Introduction: When Emperor Franz Joseph assumed the throne in Austria one of his earliest acts was to establish the Civil Merit Medal to be awarded to those who performed outstanding civil service and or had made a special civil contribution to the empire. This decoration would quickly

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Unfair Business

Most collectors are familiar with the so called:”Zimmermann hord” that surfaced during the 1990th. While moving debris in order to clean up the property of the former factory, medals and badges were found in the rubble of the grounds. Astonishingly, not only burned and melted badges and

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Olmutz Military Medal

  Introduction: This medal was issued by the Civil Board of the town of Olmutz as an award to ten of its citizens who at the request of the town council formed the Olmutz Volunteer Corp which served as a component of an Austrian Chevau-Legers regiment during

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