The Bronze Military Merit Medal (Bronzene Militärverdienstmedaille), 1890-1911 is not at first glance a very important looking medal. However to the Austrian officer corps and to the empire it was a medal of substantial significance. This can be recognized when one considers that in the order of precedence of Austrian awards it preceded the Gold Bravery Medal and that until the second year of World War I all awards were personally presented by the Emperor. In fact this decoration was roughly the equivalent to the American Distinguished Service Medal in regard to the esteem with which its recipients were held in the empire. What follows is a discussion of this significant award.
Date Issued: March 12, 1890 – 1918
Reason Issued: To recognize extraordinary service in time of war or outstanding service in peace time by officers or military officials of a rank equivalent to an officer.
Classes or Types: This decoration was issued in one class and two types.
- Military Merit Medal on civil ribbon
- Military Merit Medal on war ribbon
- This award was only given to officers
- Receipt of the award resulted from receiving a personal commendation from the Emperor
- The decoration on bravery ribbon and on the civil ribbon could only be awarded once to a recipient
- Both decorations noted above if awarded could be worn at the same time with the decoration on war ribbon taking precedence
Design: A round medal with a raised rim and an attached hinged crown at the top.
Obverse: A bust of the older Emperor Franz Joseph I in high relief facing to the viewers right. In his hair is a wreath of laurel. Around the bust is inscribed: FRANCISCVS . IOS . I. D. G. IMP. AVST. REX. BOH. ETC. ET. REX. APOST. HVNG *. The beginning and end of the inscription is at the bottom of the medal and is separated by a star. Outside of the inscription along the edge of the medal is a wreath composed of 64 laurel leaves. The attached crown is usually hollow with a gold bonnet inside. The crown is hinged and is moveable.
Reverse: Inside of a raised rim is a fine beaded line following the circumference of the medal. Inside the beaded ring is a wreath composed of a laurel bough with 30 leaves (left) and an oak bough with 26 leaves (right) which is tied at the bottom with a bow. Within the wreath is inscribed, SIGNVM LAVDIS (A token of esteem). Below the bow is the designers name A. Neudeck (Andreas Neudeck) or A. Scharf (Anton Scharf). The reverse of the crown is fully detailed.
Weight: 27 grams
Size: The decoration without crown is 30-32 mm in diameter. The crown is 20 mm high and 19 mm wide. Thus the overall height of the medal is 50-52 mm.
Type of Material: Bronze gilt
Variations: There are five known variations of this decoration
- Type I as described with the name A Neudeck on the reverse
- Type II as described except that the number of laurel leaves on the obverse of the decoration is 62 (Made by Anton Scharf)
- Type III As described except there is no medalist name on the reverse
- Type IV are examples that were privately engraved on the back
- Type V are examples that were privately engraved on the rim of the medal
- Anton Scharff , the obverse
- Andreas Neudeck, the reverse
Manufacturer: Hauptmunzamt Wien (Imperial Mint in Vienna)
Number Issued: Unknown
Case: The decoration came in a wide variety of cases, some of which had a presentation inscription engraved on or within them. (Some of the known cases are illustrated below).
Ribbon: A 40 mm Red and White laddered ribbon for combatants and a 37.5 mm bright red ribbon for civil recipients and for military recipients in peace time.
Miniature: known to exist
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