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The Birth of Federal Campaign Medals

Introduction For a first blog about US medals I thought that it would be appropriate to highlight the behind-the-scenes deliberations that were instrumental in creating the modern American medals system that exists today. What I’ve done is copied a half dozen or so US National Archives documents

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Battle of Copenhagen 1801: 49th Foot

  I’ve previously written a blog (click link to view it) on the medals issued by Denmark for the defense of Copenhagen at Nelson’s famous battle on April 2nd 1801. In this blog, I will focus on the British Naval General Service Medal 1793-1840 (NGS), which was

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Attachments Part VI: Swords Found on Austro-Hungarian Decorations and variations.

Introduction In this blog which is the sixth, and last part, of the series on attachments to Austro-Hungarian orders, medals and decorations, I will review the swords attachment as found on Austro-Hungarian decorations and the last attachment authorized by the Austro-Hungarian Empire, which is appropriately, it seems

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An Officer’s Custom-made Bavarian Military Commemorative for 1813-1815

The Bavarian Military Commemorative for 1813, 1814, and 1815 (Militärdenkzeichen für 1813, 1814, und 1815) was founded on December 4, 1814 by King Maxmilian Joseph I. for all, “on the payroll of the mobilized army in the years 1813 and 1814, or who were recorded in only

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Attachments Part V: Swords as found on Austro-Hungarian Orders

The Swords Attachment A major embellishment to Austro-Hungarian Orders was the addition of swords. Swords were authorized on December 13, 1916 and were subsequently added to several of the orders to signify the award had been granted for bravery. When awarded on the higher classes of the

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British Victory Medal 1914-1919 Part III: Statistics

In earlier blog’s (Part I and Part II) I’ve discussed evidence for the British Type I Victory Medal and the manner in which one could identify Type I Victory Medals. In those blogs it was established that by mid-1920 at least 33,190 Type I Victory Medals were

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The Siege Of Wepener, April 1900

When I think of the sieges that took place during the Anglo- Boer War, I am reminded that Wepener gets included with the big three (Ladysmith, Kimberley and Mafeking) by some. I can see the similarities but the siege which lasted 16 days was more a besiegement

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Merit Medal for Royal and Imperial Military Doctors and Regimental Surgeons

  Introduction: In 1785 Emperor Joseph II established the Merit Medal for Royal and Imperial Military Doctors and Regimental Surgeons (Verdienstmedaille für  K.K. Militärarzte und Regimentschirurgen). This was the first medal in Austrian history to be established specifically as an award to the physicians and surgeons who

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An Interesting Royal Bavarian 1st Jägerbataillon Photograph

This photograph is of a group of soldiers of the Royal Bavarian 1st Jägerbataillon (Königlich Bayerisches 1. Jägerbataillon “König”). The NCO who is seated and who is wearing his large medal bar appears to have been awarded the Bavarian Military Merit Medal (bayerische Militär-Verdienstmedaille), the Prussian Military

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The 1815 Reorganization of the Order of the Bath – Part 1

In my previous blog entitled Knight Companions of the Bath (K.B.), I described how the establishment of this order in 1725 helped create a whole new class of “political favors” available to the Crown, thus an expedient solution in staving off of an increased demand for limited

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